Invasive Pneumococcal Disease (IPD) still causes serious illness and occasional deaths.
By 2011 this had become much less common than it was before the widespread introduction of infant pneumococcal vaccine in Australian children from 2005. However, several harmful strains of the pneumococcal germ continue to circulate and cause illness.
Routine vaccination of young children recommended.
Pneumococcal disease is an important cause of pneumonia in adults aged 65 years or older. The elderly are especially at risk of serious illness and death from this disease. The vaccine for adults is different from the infant vaccine.
Adults and children with the following serious medical conditions are at a greater risk of life threatening infection and hospitalisation from pneumococcal disease:
All Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people over the age of 50 should get vaccinated.